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Geographical location of Central Asia is located between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers has played a key role in the settlement of these lands. Archaeological excavations have shown that the process of settling the territory of Uzbekistan started with the Bronze Age. Must take into account the fact that archaeologists have found and studied subjects of different ages: from the ancient, early and late Middle Ages.
The 4 - 3 cc BC Central Asia was conquered by the Greeks, Macedonians and the Seleucids. The seizure of the territory of Macedonia Alexander gave impetus to the economic and cultural development in the East, West and Central Asia.
In 3. BC occupied territories gained their independence and came to power local dynasties. Bactria, which included the southern part of Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan has become the core of the Greco-Bactrian Empire, and later the Kushan Empire, which was one of the great empires like Rome, Parfiyskaya. In 7-8 cc Central Asia was conquered by the Arabs. In the 10th century. The Arabs had to withdraw its troops after the Samanids came to power.
1-10 cc Central Asian Turks came to power. During this time, formed and began developing cities such as Bukhara, Samarkand and Termez, which were located on the Silk Road.
Mongol invasion of Central Asia. In 1221 the power of Genghis Khan stretched from China to the Caspian Sea. At the same time, it captures and the territory of Central Asia, and destroyed cities such as Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva (only 50,000 of the 100,000 population of Samarkand survived). His descendants went further, creating a powerful empire, the strength of which was not before.
In the mid-14th century. came to power, Timur, who twice survived campaigns of the Mongols, led by Tokhtamysh. As a result, the empire gained its independence and began to expand its territory.
Finally, his empire was one of the most powerful that has ever existed on the territory of Central Asia
In Islam as well as in other beliefs, there were various currents, religious-mystical and rationalistic movements. Most widespread of them was sufizm. It has arisen in the beginning of IX century in Arabia and Bagdaders the expert-sari, the expert-sa-roll and Hasan Tonuhi were the first sufistami. The essence of this doctrine consisted in the statement of that all in the Nature - creation of the Deity, all is impregnated by Its spirit. The person - last, the most perfect tvoreeshe Supreme and consequently he should aspire to merge of Soul to True (and True - the God).
Has arisen sufizm from condemnation of avidity and cruelty, swindle in a society. In it there are requirements of asceticism, conducting a hermetical way of life for the sake of the blessing in the next world, the aspiration to live only the work to be pure and fair in all. In sufizme the big variety of ideas, currents is observed. Preachers of each of them created the separate school.
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