Uzbekistan historical travel
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It is considered impolite to refuse an invitation to lunch or dinner, or come late. Usually guests are going souvenir for the hosts and sweets for the children. At the entrance to the house take off outdoor shoes. By ancient custom, men and women should sit at different tables, but he was fully preserved only in the countryside. The head of the family himself seats the guests, where for the most distinguished guests are assigned places away from the entrance. Once the eldest of those present at the table read a brief prayer of good wishes from the hospitable home, the owner offers a traditional cup of tea, and then all start to the meal. The traditions and customs of Uzbek people, evolved over many centuries by the interaction of Zoroastrian rituals of the Sogdians and Bactrians, on the one hand, and customs of nomadic tribes, on the other, later Islamic traditions and ceremonies prescribed by the Koran.
A special role in the life of the Uzbeks play customs associated with birth and child rearing, marriage, and the remembrance of deceased relatives. Wedding engagement is always preceded by "Fatih tui." On the appointed day in the house of betrothed girls are going to visit. Once the matchmaker will state the purpose of his visit, carried out the rite "Non sindirish" - "a broken bread" and is assigned to your wedding day. Relatives of the bride's mother handed gifts the bride and the matchmaker. From that moment the young are engaged.
The wedding is in the life of the Uzbeks of exceptional importance and is celebrated with particular splendor. It consists of a series of rituals that must be strictly adhered to. In the house of the bride dress for her parents sarpo groom - wedding and festive chapan tyubiteyku. Once Mulla reads a prayer for marrying young, and declares them husband and wife, the young usually go to the registrar that the marriage is a marriage before God add to the people. Indispensable attribute of marriage - a festive table, where many guests are going. Two hundred, three hundred people - is commonplace. The groom's parents must submit the newlyweds house or apartment, the parents of the bride as a wedding gift to subject the house with everything you need for the early years of a young family. It is worth all of this expensive, but in such cases the costs are not considered.
The well-known physician, the astronomer, the mathematician, philosopher Ibn Sino has created "the Book of the Arabian language". In creativity horezmijtsa Mahmuda Zamahshari the central place was occupied with questions of the Arabian grammar, etymology of words. Abdurazzak Samarkandi has written the comment to the book on grammar of the Arabian language. Local languages in the writing began to use the Arabian alphabet.
At Samanidah local languages - Turkic, persidsko-Tadjik which did not go out of use among simple people developed also. Especial blossoming the court poetry created on the Tadjik language which, basically, has grown from national literary tradition and folklore has reached.
Among the remarkable poets writing in the Tadjik language, were Rudaki and Dakiki which poetry was based on knowledge of national legends, folklore. Rudaki it is accepted to name the father of the Tadjik poetry. Dakiki is the founder of drawing up "Shah-name" (the Book of tsars) where the history of Iran and Central Asia to the Arabian gain should find reflexion. Dakiki has died early, not having finished the conceived. Has finished "Shah-name" great Firdousi in the beginning of X th century, in reign Mahmuda Gaznevi.
Thus, characteristic line of a policy samanidskih governors was poetry protection, the literature, a science. Many feudal lords had large libraries which scientists used.
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