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Day 1: You will arrive at the airport and transfer to Tashkent Tashkent city. Following agreement at the hotel you will have an amplifying breakfast and rest. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 2: At 7:00 in the morning. Morning flight to Urgench. Arrival to Urgench, Khiva hotel pass. Study continue to operate the footage later Khiva, spend the day in a World Heritage site by UNESCO-Qala fortress of iChat. In iChat-Qala fortress visit Mukhammad medresah Amina Khan, Mukhammad Rahimkhan Medresah, young Kalt, a pins-ark, Juma mosque, palace Toshkhovli, Pakhlavan Makhmud, mausoleum minaret Islom-Hoxha. Free time in the afternoon. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 3: At 7:00 in the morning. Leave Khiva and Bukhara go (500 km, 7 hours). In a way to stop to see the AMU Darya River. Arrival in Bukhara in the afternoon. Registration at the hotel. A free time. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 4: After our breakfast you will have a study of images in Bukhara. Visit the mausoleum Ismail Samani, Ark Fortress, Chashma-Ayub, Passes mosque and minaret, Miri Arab Madrassah, Magoki-Attori mosque, Madrassah Ulugbek and Abdulazizkhan, pro business, Lyabi Hauz complex, Madrassah Chor-small. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 5: After breakfast you continue Bukhara our excursion. A trip to a summer palace of Bukhara emirs Sitorai-Mokhikhosa, Chor-Bakr and Bakhoutdin Naqshbandi mausoleum. Afternoon free time in Bukhara. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 6: At 7:00 one morning. Removed from Bukhara and Samarkand in Shakhrisabz go. Stop in Shakhrisabz to study the images. Visited the ruins of Ak-Saray palace, mausoleum-Jakhongir and Omar Sheikh. Continue to go to Samarkand in the afternoon. Arrival in Samarkand, registered to the hotel. A free time.
Day 7: After our breakfast you will have a study of images in Samarkand. Visit Registan Square, ruins of Bibi-Khanum mosque, cemetery Shakhi-Zinda, the Gur-Emir mausoleum, Ulugbek observatory. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 8: At 7:00 one morning. Samarkand Continue tour. Visit the museum Afrosiyob, a sacred tomb Δύνθελΰ. Engine is a complex of Imam Bukhari scarlet, a Muslim place of pilgrimage (25 km, 30 minutes). Free time in the afternoon. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 9: At 7:00 in the morning. Leave to go to Samarkand and Tashkent. Arrival in Tashkent, registered to the hotel. Center visited Tashkent, Amir Temur Square, Independence Square part, Old City of Tashkent-Imom Khas complex and Chor-Su market, Museum of Applied Arts. Dinner and night at hotel.
Day 10: We will meet at the chosen hotel and airport.
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A separate line in the code of life's rules hold funerals and memorials. So, after twenty days and one year after the death of the deceased held a morning commemoration ceremony. It begins immediately after the morning prayer, and continues a half - two hours. For the pilaf commemorate the deceased and read verses from the Koran.
All of these major events in the Uzbek family pass for the direct participation of Mahalla. Mahalla - neighborhood community is based on the complete independence and self-government for the purpose of sharing and mutual assistance cases. It is a century and was originally a guild of artisans association. Manages community mahalla committee, elected by the general meeting of residents. It concerns, in particular, the device enters the organization and weddings, funerals, memorial services, the rite of circumcision.
Mahalla, in a sense self-sufficient organization, satisfying the urgent spiritual and physical needs of citizens. It works teahouse, serves residents hairdresser, often acts neighborhood mosque. But on Friday, the common prayer men go to the mosque. But the mahalla is not just mutual aid society. The community there is a supervisory and coaching skills. Children growing up in the mahalla under supervision of the whole community and has consistently brought up to respect and obey their elders. Here there is an ancient tradition of the Eastern Mutual - hashar. Hashar method, that is, the whole world, the people willingly and unselfishly to help their neighbors build a home, arrange a wedding or a funeral pilaf, landscape the street area.
Mahalla acts as a guardian of the folk customs and traditions. With every right to say that people are born and live in mahalla. And mahalla accompanies him on his last journey.
Two. The flowering of science in the IX - XII centuries
Significant progress in the IX-X centuries. science has achieved, especially the area of exact sciences.
The new power of the Caliphate (Abbasid dynasty) began to patronize education, advancement of knowledge. The new capital of Baghdad, the State is not only political but also the research center. Caliph Harun al-Rashid (786-809), his son al-Mamun (813-833) are invited to Baghdad by scientists from various countries, particularly from India, Central Asia, Iran, Iraq and Syria. In a short time here has gathered more than 300 researchers keen various branches of science. They together with the scientists, the Arabs held enormous good work.
In the capital of the caliphate was established "Bait-ul-Hikma" ("House of Wisdom"). In essence, this place served as the Academy of Sciences. The library houses were more than 400,000 volumes of manuscripts written by the Indian, Greek, Chinese, Arabic, Persian. The Academy worked two observatories (in Baghdad and Damascus.)
There were serious scientific research, important discoveries were made in the sciences. It should be noted that many scientists working at the Academy, were natives of Central Asia: it is first and foremost mathematicians al-Khwarizmi and al-Fergani.
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